Habitat Loss and Farming
One of the biggest threats to hedgehogs is habitat loss. Over the last 30 years, intensive farming practices have favoured larger fields to accommodate heavy machinery and maximise crop yields. Such size increases have coincided with the removal of hedgerows, permanent grassland and other valuable hedgehog habitats, reducing the availability of safe nesting sites and leaving hedgehogs more vulnerable to foxes, badgers, stoats and other predators. This, coupled with the use of commercial pesticides, has also served to reduce the abundance of invertebrates on which hedgehogs rely for food.